In the 13th century, when Marco Polo visited the then-Persian city of Baku, he mentioned numerous mysterious flames that could be found all over the region at various places of the Absheron Peninsula. These fires gave Azerbaijan the moniker “Land of Fire.”
Yanar Dag or the Fire Mountain is one of the magically attractive sites, which surprises and enchants visitors. It seems like a brilliant sparkling on the mountain surface. People have always regarded the magnificent view of Yanar Dag as something “sacred”.
Fire Mountain, situated on the Absheron Peninsula some 25 kilometers northeast of the capital city Baku, is also known as Pilpila, Bozdag, Ahtarma and Gynarja. It is a 116-meter hill with a continuous natural gas fire eruption, which jets out into the air three meters high from a porous sandstone layer.
The natural flames of Azerbaijan can be attributed to its enormous gas reserves. When exploitation of these reserves began, most of the natural fires burned out, due to a reduction in underground pressure. Of the natural fires that burn today in Azerbaijan, Yanar Dag (Fire Mountain) is arguably the most impressive.
We can organize an individual tour to Yanar Dag (Fire Mountain)
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BEAUTIFUL NATURAL ATTRACTIONS OF AZERBAIJAN