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Imamzadeh complex

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IMAMZADEH COMPLEX

It is an architectural building in the South-east part of Nakhchivan city. It belongs to XVI-XVIII centuries and consists of 3 buildings. The core of complex consists of composition-tomb. A building, adjoining the tomb, a little bigger in volume and an entrance door from the west, is the center part of the complex. According to the writing of V.M.Sısoyev, who was in Nakhchivan in the 20s of last century, this part of complex was considered as a mausoleum of Nakhchivan khans. Scientis mentiones that there was a grave of Abbasgulu khan’s son Mustafagulu khan Nakhchivanski who died in 1337 AH (1918). But this and other graves were destroyed over time. There is another tomb in the North, a little bit away from the complex. In comparison with other other tombs, this one is in better condition. However, as there is not any grave or memorial inscription in it, the date of it could not be identified. By being in harmony with each other, the buildings in Imamzadeh have established a complete architectural ensemble. There was a graveyard around the complex belonging to Middle Ages. Some of these graves were destroyed over time, but some still exist there. Tomb inscriptions of XVI centuries found under the ground were investigated. Vaulted tombs built of baked bricks are met here. The place of necropolis changed to the hill near the monument over time. Some members of sufi sects of Middle Ages used complex as a place of living, praying, and remebrance-khanagah. Architectural complex was renovated and restored in 2004.

Imamzadeh tomb is the main part of Imamzadeh Complex. There is a grave inside the tomb which is visited by people. As there is not an epitaph, tombstone inscription on it, it is impossible to talk about its affiliation. However, as the old population of city says, the 8th imam of Shiites, Rza’s son is buried here. According to the epigraphic scientist I. Azimov’s writings in the 20s of the last century, there was a script with handwriting written in Arabic on the North-west part of the tomb. It drew the attention of Russian scientist N.V.Khanikov, and he published the content of script and its translation in Russian. It is written in the content of the script: “This mansion was built by the order of Excellency Rufai, The great sultan, ruler, respectable amir, judge of arabs and ajams, philanthropist of his time, Haji Fulad bay’s son, whose sins were forgiven during the reign of Abu Sultan Muzaffar Shah Badir Tahmasib”. Although the date was not mentioned in the script, according to the words “during the reign of Abu Sultan Muzaffar Shah Badir Tahmasib” , the date can be determined. Abu Sultan Muzaffar Shah Badir Tahmasib is the son of Safavi ruler Sultan Huseyn. Known as II Tahmasib in history, this man was in power during 1722-32 years. This means that the tomb was constructed in the 20s of the XVIII century. Today, the content of than script was copied to a new Stone based on I.Azimov’s reading and put in its previous place. Second tower walls of Nakhchivan city belonging to ancient period and middle ages were discovered near the tomb,and crafts were found there.